[Australia: Port Jackson/Sydney.]   Plan of Port Jackson New South Wales … 1788.  By Capt John Hunter.  London: Published as the Act directs by J. Stockdale, August 10, 1789.  About 10 ¾ x 15 ¾.”  The outer neatlines at the left and right edges have been trimmed off the map.  There are small nicks in the margins, as well as an area of paper infill and minor manuscript reinstatement at the middle right margin (about 3  x ½”).  Tear of 1” at upper right margin repaired on reverse.  Light to moderate offsetting.  About good. 

On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip, commanding the “First Fleet” of eleven ships carrying 850 convicts from England, landed at Sydney Cove and established the new penal colony there.  This chart of Port Jackson, dated 1788, was compiled by Captain John Hunter.  Hunter was the master of HMS Sirius, one of the two naval escort ships of the First Fleet.

Hunter’s survey of the area is notable for its numerous soundings as well as identifying many sources of fresh water.  There are only about a dozen features named on the chart, among them: Sidney Cove, Hunters Bay, Spring Cove, Middle Cape and Inner Head.

This important Australian map appeared in Arthur Phillip’s The Voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay, published in London in 1789. 

Reference: Perry & Prescott, A Guide to Maps of Australia Published 1780-1830: 1789.08.