Pas caerte van Nieu Nederlandt en de Engelsche Virginies van Cabo Cod tot Cabo Canrick. Pieter Goos, Amsterdam, 1666. From his Zee-Atlas ofte Water-Wereld. Original color. Trimmed as visible in image.
Goos’ maps are elegantly engraved and designed, and his atlas enjoyed a wide audience, though he is traditionally believed to have aimed towards the cravings of book-lovers rather than seamen. Goos hints at an ambiguity of the atlas’ intended purpose on his titlepage by stating on some examples that it is “very useful for sailors and pilots, as well as for gentlemen and merchants,” while reversing it on other examples, saying that it is “for all gentlemen and merchants, as well for sailors and pilots,” the latter being perhaps more revealing.
Although Pieter Goos is better known as a copyist than an innovator, this chart is not a slavish copy of any of its precedents. A trace of Spanish influence is found in the Chesapeake, which is labelled Cheseapeack oste Bar. de Madre de Dios. Jamestown has been Anglicized to Iames Towne from the earlier charts’ Iems Toun. Long Island is markedly better formed than before, and bears additional place-names, including Hamton. The settlement of New Amsterdam is marked at the southern end of Manhattan, and the town of Brooklyn (Breuckelen), settled thirty years before Goos’ map, now appears. The delineation of Narragansett Bay and its islands have taken a turn for the worse as compared to the two previous charts. New nomenclature in New England includes the Charles River.