James Bowden.  “A Map of North America, denoting the boundaries of the Yearly Meetings of Friends and the locations of the various Indian Tribes.”  London: Edward Marsh, 1844.   17 3/4 x 20 3/4.  Lithograph by H. Clark.  Original hand color.  With Some Account of the Conduct of the Religious Society of Friends Towards the Indian Tribes.  Published by the Aborigines’ Committee of the Meeting for Sufferings, 1844, London.  Original covers detached and missing spine.  Octavo.  247 pp.  With another single-page, color map: “Aboriginal America, East of the Mississippi,” drawn by Bowden and lithographed by Clark.  Maps with some light paper toning, but very good condition. 

A fascinating map of North America included with one of a series of publication by the Quakers concerning various Aboriginal tribes around the world.  This work focuses on the relationship between the Society of Friends and the Native Americas, as the title goes on to say, “in the Settlement of the Colonies of East and West Jersey and Pennsylvania: With a Brief Narrative of their Labours for the Civilization and Christian Instruction of the Indians, From the Time of their Settlement in America to the Year 1843.”   This map focuses on both the various Yearly Meetings in the United States and the location of Indian tribes throughout the continent.

The seven Yearly Meetings, located all east of the Mississippi, are noted with color coding.  About fifteen Indian tribal groups are also shown with color coding, though many more tribes are located throughout the map, including into Canada and Mexico.  Unlike the famous Gallatin map of about a decade before, this map focuses more on tribal groups and Indian language groups.  In the lower left corner are tables, showing the population of each tribe: with a total population east of the Mississippi of 26,796, of those Indians removed from east to west of the Mississippi of 77,447, and of native inhabitants of the region west of the Mississippi of 213,240.

All this information is placed on a political and geographical map of some interest.  Bowden focuses on the rivers and mountains, the western part of which is somewhat confused.  Each state is indicated and the majority of the United States in the west is undifferentiated as Indian territory.  The border between British American and the United States in the northwest was not settled until two years after this map was issued, so it is not indicated here.  Of note is the depiction of Texas as an independent republic.  The smaller map focuses on the tribes east of the Mississippi and the text contains much fascinating information.